Beyond simple models of self-control to circuit-based accounts of adolescent behavior Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Adolescent Development
  • Brain
  • Impulsive Behavior
  • Risk-Taking

abstract

  • Adolescence is the transition from childhood to adulthood that begins around the onset of puberty and ends with relative independence from the parent. This developmental period is one when an individual is probably stronger, of higher reasoning capacity, and more resistant to disease than ever before, yet when mortality rates increase by 200%. These untimely deaths are not due to disease but to preventable deaths associated with adolescents putting themselves in harm's way (e.g., accidental fatalities). We present evidence that these alarming health statistics are in part due to diminished self-control--the ability to inhibit inappropriate desires, emotions, and actions in favor of appropriate ones. Findings of adolescent-specific changes in self-control and underlying brain circuitry are considered in terms of how evolutionarily based biological constraints and experiences shape the brain to adapt to the unique intellectual, physical, sexual, and social challenges of adolescence.

publication date

  • January 2015

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1146/annurev-psych-010814-015156

PubMed ID

  • 25089362

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 295

end page

  • 319

volume

  • 66