SUMO2/3 is associated with ubiquitinated protein aggregates in the mouse neocortex after middle cerebral artery occlusion
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery
Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins
Protein modifications cooperatively act to protect the proteome from cellular stress. Focal cerebral ischemia increases protein ubiquitination, resulting in formation of ubiquitin-rich aggregates. A concurrent elevation in small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)-conjugated proteins has also been reported, but a potential connection to ubiquitin remains unexplored. Here we show that SUMO2/3 conjugates are present in postischemic ubiquitin-rich aggregates, physically associated with ubiquitin. The coaggregation of SUMO2/3 and ubiquitin is induced rapidly after ischemia, depends on reperfusion, and is also observed in the absence of ischemic damage. The association between SUMO and ubiquitin suggests overlapping functional roles after ischemia/reperfusion.