Detection of MYD88 L265P in peripheral blood of patients with Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia and IgM monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance
  • Mutation
  • Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88
  • Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

abstract

  • MYD88 L265P is highly prevalent in Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia (WM) and IgM monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS). We investigated whether MYD88 L265P could be identified by peripheral blood (PB) allele-specific PCR. MYD88 L265P was detected in untreated WM (114/118; 96.6%); previously treated WM (63/102; 61.8%); and IgM MGUS (5/12; 41.7%) but in none of 3 hyper-IgM or 40 healthy individuals. Median PB MYD88 L265P ΔCt was 3.77, 7.24, 10.89, 12.33 and 14.07 for untreated WM, previously treated WM, IgM MGUS, hyper-IgM and healthy individuals, respectively (P<0.0001). For the 232 IgM MGUS and WM patients, PB MYD88 L265P ΔCt moderately correlated to bone marrow (BM) disease (r=-0.3553; P<0.0001), serum IgM (r=-0.3262; P<0.0001) and hemoglobin (r=0.3005; P<0.0001) levels. PB MYD88 L265P ΔCt and serum IgM correlated similarly with BM disease burden. For positive patients, PB MYD88 L265P ΔCt was <6.5 in 100/114 (88%) untreated WM, and >6.5 in 4/5 (80%) IgM MGUS patients (P=0.0034). Attainment of a negative PB MYD88 L265P mutation status was associated with lower BM disease (P=0.001), serum IgM (P=0.019) and higher hemoglobin (P=0.004) levels in treated patients. These studies show the feasibility for detecting MYD88 L265P by PB examination, and the potential for PB MYD88 L265P ΔCt use in the diagnosis and management of WM patients.

publication date

  • January 2014

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/leu.2014.65

PubMed ID

  • 24509637

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1698

end page

  • 704

volume

  • 28

number

  • 8