Tumor genetics and survival of thymic neuroendocrine neoplasms: A multi-institutional clinicopathologic study Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Thymus Neoplasms

abstract

  • Thymic neuroendocrine tumors (TNET) are rare primary epithelial neoplasms of the thymus. This study aimed to determine clinically relevant parameters for their classification and for therapeutic decisions. We performed a comprehensive histological, clinical, and genetic study of 73 TNET cases (13 thymic typical carcinoids [TTC], 40 thymic atypical carcinoids [TAC], and 20 high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas [HGNEC] of the thymus), contributed by multiple institutions. The mean number of chromosomal imbalances per tumor was 0.8 in TTC (31% aberrant cases) versus 1.1 in TAC (44% aberrant cases) versus 4.7 in HGNEC (75% aberrant cases). Gains of 8q24 (MYC gene locus) were the most frequent alteration and one of the overlapping features between carcinoids and HGNEC. The 5-year survival rates for TTC, TAC, and HGNEC were 100, 60, and 30%. The 10-year survival rates for TTC and TAC were 50 and 30% (P = 0.002). Predictive mitotic cut-off values for TTC versus TAC were 2.5 per 10 high-power fields (HPF; indicating a higher death rate, P = 0.062) and 15 per 10 HPF (indicating higher risk of recurrence, P = 0.036) for separating HGNEC from TAC. We conclude that the current histopathologic classifications of TNET reflect tumor biology and provide important information for therapeutic management.

publication date

  • January 2014

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/gcc.22183

PubMed ID

  • 24764238

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 738

end page

  • 49

volume

  • 53

number

  • 9