Gastrointestinal motility problems in critical care: A clinical perspective Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Critical Care
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Gastrointestinal Motility

abstract

  • Advances in surgery, anesthesia and intensive care have led to a dramatic increase in the number of patients who spend time in our intensive care units (ICU). Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are common complications in the intensive care setting and are predictors of increased mortality and length of the stay in the ICU. Several risk factors for developing GI motility problems in the ICU setting have been identified and include sepsis, being on mechanical ventilation and the use of vasopressors, opioids or anticholinergic medications. Our focus is on the most common clinical manifestations of GI motor dysfunction in the ICU patient: gastroesophageal reflux, gastroparesis, ileus and acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon.

publication date

  • January 2014

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/1751-2980.12147

PubMed ID

  • 24673805

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 335

end page

  • 44

volume

  • 15

number

  • 7