Superficial Veins: Treatment Options and Techniques for Saphenous Veins, Perforators, and Tributary Veins
Vascular Surgical Procedures
Superficial venous insufficiency is a common cause of lower-extremity symptoms of pain and swelling. A thorough understanding of the superficial venous anatomy, as well as gaining knowledge of treatment approaches, can direct one's approach to providing an appropriate treatment for desired and durable outcomes. This article reviews the details of anatomy and treatment of the saphenous veins, perforator veins, and tributary veins.