Molecular interactions involved in proton-dependent gating in KcsA potassium channels Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Ion Channel Gating
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation
  • Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated
  • Protons


  • The bacterial potassium channel KcsA is gated open by the binding of protons to amino acids on the intracellular side of the channel. We have identified, via channel mutagenesis and x-ray crystallography, two pH-sensing amino acids and a set of nearby residues involved in molecular interactions that influence gating. We found that the minimal mutation of one histidine (H25) and one glutamate (E118) near the cytoplasmic gate completely abolished pH-dependent gating. Mutation of nearby residues either alone or in pairs altered the channel's response to pH. In addition, mutations of certain pairs of residues dramatically increased the energy barriers between the closed and open states. We proposed a Monod-Wyman-Changeux model for proton binding and pH-dependent gating in KcsA, where H25 is a "strong" sensor displaying a large shift in pKa between closed and open states, and E118 is a "weak" pH sensor. Modifying model parameters that are involved in either the intrinsic gating equilibrium or the pKa values of the pH-sensing residues was sufficient to capture the effects of all mutations.

publication date

  • December 2013



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3840921

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1085/jgp.201311057

PubMed ID

  • 24218397

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 613

end page

  • 24


  • 142


  • 6