Correlation between structural and opto-electronic characteristics of crystalline Si microhole arrays for photonic light management
Cell Transformation, Viral
Receptors, Cell Surface
By employing electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and optical measurements, we systematically correlate the structural and optical properties with the deep-level defect characteristics of various tailored periodic Si microhole arrays, which are manufactured in an easily scalable and versatile process on nanoimprinted sol-gel coated glass. While tapered microhole arrays in a structured base layer are characterized by partly nanocrystalline features, poor electronic quality with a defect concentration of 1017cm-3and a high optical sub-band gap absorption, planar polycrystalline Si layers perforated with periodic arrays of tapered microholes are composed of a compact crystalline structure and a defect concentration in the low 1016cm-3regime. The low defect concentration is equivalent to the one in planar state-of-the-art solid phase crystallized Si films and correlates with a low optical sub-band gap absorption. By complementing the experimental characterization with 3-dimensional finite element simulations, we provide the basis for a computer-aided approach for the low-cost fabrication of novel high-quality structures on large areas featuring tailored opto-electronic properties. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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