Common resting brain dynamics indicate a possible mechanism underlying zolpidem response in severe brain injury Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Geniculate Bodies
  • Neurons
  • Retina
  • Visual Pathways
  • Visual Perception

abstract

  • Zolpidem produces paradoxical recovery of speech, cognitive and motor functions in select subjects with severe brain injury but underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In three diverse patients with known zolpidem responses we identify a distinctive pattern of EEG dynamics that suggests a mechanistic model. In the absence of zolpidem, all subjects show a strong low frequency oscillatory peak ∼6-10 Hz in the EEG power spectrum most prominent over frontocentral regions and with high coherence (∼0.7-0.8) within and between hemispheres. Zolpidem administration sharply reduces EEG power and coherence at these low frequencies. The ∼6-10 Hz activity is proposed to arise from intrinsic membrane properties of pyramidal neurons that are passively entrained across the cortex by locally-generated spontaneous activity. Activation by zolpidem is proposed to arise from a combination of initial direct drug effects on cortical, striatal, and thalamic populations and further activation of underactive brain regions induced by restoration of cognitively-mediated behaviors. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01157.001.

publication date

  • November 19, 2013

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7554/eLife.01157.001f

Additional Document Info

start page

  • e01157

volume

  • 2013

number

  • 2