Robust myelin quantitative imaging from multi-echo T2 MRI using edge preserving spatial priors Conference Paper uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Atrophy
  • Brain
  • Multiple Sclerosis

abstract

  • Demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause changes in the brain white matter microstructure. Multi-exponential T2 relaxometry is a powerful technology for detecting these changes by generating a myelin water fraction (MWF) map. However, conventional approaches are subject to noise and spatial in-consistence. We proposed a novel approach by imposing spatial consistency and smoothness constraints. We first introduce a two-Gaussian model to approximate the T2 distribution. Then an expectation-maximization framework is introduced with an edge-preserving prior incorporated. Three-dimensional multi-echo MRI data sets were collected from three patients and three healthy volunteers. MWF maps obtained using the conventional, Spatially Regularized Non-negative Least Squares (srNNLS) algorithm as well as the proposed algorithm are compared. The proposed method provides MWF maps with improved depiction of brain structures and significantly lower coefficients of variance in various brain regions,

publication date

  • October 23, 2013

Research

keywords

  • Conference Paper

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-3-642-40811-3_78

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 622

end page

  • 30

volume

  • 8149 LNCS

number

  • PART 1