Hira-dependent histone H3.3 deposition facilitates PRC2 recruitment at developmental loci in ES cells. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chromatin
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Histone Chaperones
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA Polymerase II
  • Transcription Factors
  • Up-Regulation

MeSH Major

  • Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 2

abstract

  • Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) regulates gene expression during lineage specification through trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me3). In Drosophila, polycomb binding sites are dynamic chromatin regions enriched with the histone variant H3.3. Here, we show that, in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), H3.3 is required for proper establishment of H3K27me3 at the promoters of developmentally regulated genes. Upon H3.3 depletion, these promoters show reduced nucleosome turnover measured by deposition of de novo synthesized histones and reduced PRC2 occupancy. Further, we show H3.3-dependent interaction of PRC2 with the histone chaperone, Hira, and that Hira localization to chromatin requires H3.3. Our data demonstrate the importance of H3.3 in maintaining a chromatin landscape in ESCs that is important for proper gene regulation during differentiation. Moreover, our findings support the emerging notion that H3.3 has multiple functions in distinct genomic locations that are not always correlated with an "active" chromatin state. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • September 26, 2013

has subject area

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chromatin
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Histone Chaperones
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 2
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA Polymerase II
  • Transcription Factors
  • Up-Regulation

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3838450

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cell.2013.08.061

PubMed ID

  • 24074864

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 107

end page

  • 120

volume

  • 155

number

  • 1