Nutritional disorders in tropical neurology Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Communicable Diseases
  • Neurology
  • Nutrition Disorders


  • About three-fourths of the total world population live in the tropics but consume only 6% of worldwide food production and contribute 15% of the world's net revenue explaining the short life expectancy, high infantile mortality, and poor daily caloric intake; moreover, lack of clean drinking water and deficient sanitation promote water-borne infections, diarrhea, and risk of malabsorption that contribute to the prevalence of malnutrition in the tropics. One-third of the world's population consumes insufficient iodine increasing the risk for mental retardation and deafness due to maternal hypothyroidism. The main nutritional syndromes comprise protein-energy malnutrition (marasmus and kwashiorkor); nutritional neuropathies, myelopathies and neuromyelopathies, as well as specific deficiencies of vitamins and micronutrients including iodine, iron, zinc, and selenium.

publication date

  • July 12, 2013



  • Review



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/B978-0-444-53490-3.00030-3

PubMed ID

  • 23829926

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 381

end page

  • 404


  • 114