Racial differences in fibroid prevalence and ultrasound findings in asymptomatic young women (18-30 years old): a pilot study. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Chicago
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Endometrium
  • Female
  • Follicular Phase
  • Humans
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prevalence
  • Ultrasonography
  • Young Adult

MeSH Major

  • African Americans
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Leiomyoma
  • Uterine Neoplasms
  • Uterus

abstract

  • 1) To determine the prevalence of fibroids in asymptomatic young black and white women (ages 18-30 y); 2) to determine other differences in uterine and adnexal anatomy; and 3) to obtain preliminary data for sample size calculations. Pilot cross-sectional study. Academic medical center. One hundred one nonparous black and white women, ages 18-30 years, with no known diagnosis of fibroids or clinically suggestive symptoms. A transvaginal ultrasound was performed in the follicular phase in all subjects. 1) Presence of fibroids; 2) endometrial thickness; 3) ovarian findings. Of the 101 participants (mean age 24.5 ± 3.5 y), 43% self-identified as black and 57% as white. The prevalence of ultrasound-diagnosed fibroids was 15% overall (26% in black women and 7% in white women). The mean fibroid size was 2.3 ± 2.1 cm. There was a significant difference in endometrial thickness between races, even after adjusting for contraception use and fibroid presence. Racial differences in fibroid prevalence exist even before women become symptomatic. Findings of thicker endometrium in black women could have clinical implications and warrants further investigation. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • June 2013

has subject area

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Chicago
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Endometrium
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Follicular Phase
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Humans
  • Leiomyoma
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prevalence
  • Ultrasonography
  • Uterine Neoplasms
  • Uterus
  • Young Adult

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4465811

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.02.017

PubMed ID

  • 23498888

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1951

end page

  • 1957

volume

  • 99

number

  • 7