Efficient design of photonic integrated circuits (PICs) by combining device- and circuit- Level simulation tools
Cell Transformation, Viral
Receptors, Cell Surface
This work addresses a versatile modeling of complex photonic integrated circuits (PICs). We introduce a co-simulation solution for combining the efficient modeling capabilities of a circuit-level simulator, based on analytical models of PIC sub-elements and frequency-dependent scattering matrix (S-matrix) description, and an accurate electromagnetic field simulator that implements the finite element method (FEM) for solving photonic structures with complicated geometries. This is exemplified with the model of a coupled-resonator induced transparency (CRIT), where resonator elements are first modeled in the field simulator. Afterwards, the whole structure is created at a circuit level and statistical analysis of tolerances is investigated. © 2013 SPIE.
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