Stage-specific regulation of natural killer cell homeostasis and response against viral infection by microRNA-155 Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Herpesviridae Infections
  • Homeostasis
  • Killer Cells, Natural
  • MicroRNAs
  • Muromegalovirus


  • Natural killer (NK) cells function in the recognition and destruction of host cells infected with pathogens. Many regulatory mechanisms govern the potent responses of NK cells, both at the cellular and molecular level. Ablation of microRNA (miRNA) processing enzymes demonstrated that miRNAs play critical roles in NK cell differentiation and function; however, the role of individual miRNAs requires further investigation. Using mice containing a targeted deletion of microRNA-155 (miR-155), we observed defects in NK cell maintenance and maturation at steady state, as well as in homeostatic proliferation in lymphopenic mice. In addition, we discovered that miR-155 is up-regulated in activated NK cells during mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection in response to signals from the proinflammatory cytokines IL-12 and IL-18 and through signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) signaling. Although miR-155 was found to be dispensable for cytotoxicity and cytokine production when triggered through activating receptors, NK cells lacking miR-155 exhibited severely impaired effector and memory cell numbers in both lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues after MCMV infection. We demonstrate that miR-155 differentially targets Noxa and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) in NK cells at distinct stages of homeostasis and activation. NK cells constitutively expressing Noxa and SOCS1 exhibit profound defects in expansion during the response to MCMV infection, suggesting that their regulation by miR-155 promotes antiviral immunity.

publication date

  • April 23, 2013



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3637707

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.1304410110

PubMed ID

  • 23572582

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 6967

end page

  • 72


  • 110


  • 17