Risk of cancer-specific mortality following recurrence after radical nephroureterectomy
Lymph Node Excision
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Approximately 80 % of patients who experience disease recurrence after RNU die within 2 years after recurrence. Patients with non-organ-confined stage, absence of lymph node dissection, ureteral tumor location and/or shorter time to disease recurrence died of their tumor more quickly than their counterparts. These factors should be considered in patient counseling and risk stratification for salvage treatment decision making.