Competing-risks analysis in patients with T1 squamous cell carcinoma of the penis
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
The CSM rate was highest in T1G3 patients and appears to justify ILND. Conversely, the CSM rate was lowest in T1G1 patients, which justifies active surveillance in this patient subset. A moderate CSM rate at 5 years was recorded for T1G2 patients, which brings into question the benefits of ILND.