T Cell-Depleted Stem Cell Transplantation for Adults with High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Long-Term Survival for Patients in First Complete Remission with a Decreased Risk of Graft-versus-Host Disease Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Graft vs Host Disease
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

abstract

  • Consolidation with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) provides a survival benefit to patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We have previously reported comparable survival and relapse rates after T cell-depleted (TCD) allo-HSCT compared with unmodified transplantations for acute myelogenous leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma with significantly decreased graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We performed a 56-patient retrospective study to evaluate TCD allo-HSCT for the treatment of ALL after myeloablative total body irradiation-based therapy. The 2-year and 5-year overall survival rates for patients with ALL after TCD allo-HSCT were 0.39 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26-0.52) and 0.32 (95% CI, 0.19-0.44), respectively, and the 2-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 0.38 (95% CI, 0.25-0.50) and 0.32 (95% CI, 0.20-0.44). There was a trend toward improved survival of patients who underwent TCD allo-HSCT in first complete remission compared with those who did so in other remission states. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD at 1 year was 0.20 (95% CI, 0.10-0.31), and no patients developed grade IV acute GVHD. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD in 41 evaluable patients at 2 and 5 years was 0.15 (95% CI, 0.04-0.26), and that of extensive chronic GVHD at 2 and 5 years was 0.05 (95% CI, 0-11.6). We demonstrate OS and DFS rates that compare favorably to unmodified allo-HSCT with lower rates of GVHD.

publication date

  • February 2013

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3963704

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbmt.2012.09.003

PubMed ID

  • 22982534

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 208

end page

  • 13

volume

  • 19

number

  • 2