Immunogenicity of seven new recombinant yellow fever viruses 17D expressing fragments of SIVmac239 Gag, Nef, and Vif in Indian rhesus macaques. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • AIDS Vaccines
  • Animals
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte
  • Female
  • Gene Order
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Kinetics
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Virus Replication

MeSH Major

  • Gene Products, gag
  • Gene Products, nef
  • Gene Products, vif
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Simian immunodeficiency virus
  • Yellow fever virus

abstract

  • An effective vaccine remains the best solution to stop the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Cellular immune responses have been repeatedly associated with control of viral replication and thus may be an important element of the immune response that must be evoked by an efficacious vaccine. Recombinant viral vectors can induce potent T-cell responses. Although several viral vectors have been developed to deliver HIV genes, only a few have been advanced for clinical trials. The live-attenuated yellow fever vaccine virus 17D (YF17D) has many properties that make it an attractive vector for AIDS vaccine regimens. YF17D is well tolerated in humans and vaccination induces robust T-cell responses that persist for years. Additionally, methods to manipulate the YF17D genome have been established, enabling the generation of recombinant (r)YF17D vectors carrying genes from unrelated pathogens. Here, we report the generation of seven new rYF17D viruses expressing fragments of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)mac239 Gag, Nef, and Vif. Studies in Indian rhesus macaques demonstrated that these live-attenuated vectors replicated in vivo, but only elicited low levels of SIV-specific cellular responses. Boosting with recombinant Adenovirus type-5 (rAd5) vectors resulted in robust expansion of SIV-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses, particularly those targeting Vif. Priming with rYF17D also increased the frequency of CD4(+) cellular responses in rYF17D/rAd5-immunized macaques compared to animals that received rAd5 only. The effect of the rYF17D prime on the breadth of SIV-specific T-cell responses was limited and we also found evidence that some rYF17D vectors were more effective than others at priming SIV-specific T-cell responses. Together, our data suggest that YF17D - a clinically relevant vaccine vector - can be used to prime AIDS virus-specific T-cell responses in heterologous prime boost regimens. However, it will be important to optimize rYF17D-based vaccine regimens to ensure maximum delivery of all immunogens in a multivalent vaccine.

publication date

  • 2013

has subject area

  • AIDS Vaccines
  • Animals
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte
  • Female
  • Gene Order
  • Gene Products, gag
  • Gene Products, nef
  • Gene Products, vif
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Kinetics
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Simian immunodeficiency virus
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Virus Replication
  • Yellow fever virus

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3545953

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0054434

PubMed ID

  • 23336000

Additional Document Info

start page

  • e54434

volume

  • 8

number

  • 1