Use of frozen section in genitourinary pathology Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Frozen Sections
  • Genital Neoplasms, Male
  • Urologic Neoplasms


  • Frozen section diagnosis provides critical information for immediate surgical management decision making. Over the last several years, there have been some significant advances in treatment of genitourinary cancer, particularly with regard to surgical techniques. These changes in turn impact the type and frequency of intraoperative frozen section requests. In this review, we describe the main indications and diagnostic challenges of frozen section diagnosis during surgeries of each genitourinary organ system including prostate, kidney, bladder, testis, and penis. The pitfalls and approaches to different diagnostic situations are discussed. It is also stressed that pathologists must not only be familiar with the histological diagnosis, but also understand the limitations of frozen section diagnosis and communicate with urologists during the intraoperative treatment decision making process.

publication date

  • August 2012



  • Review



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/PAT.0b013e328356a79e

PubMed ID

  • 22772345

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 427

end page

  • 33


  • 44


  • 5