Coping and psychological distress in young adults with advanced cancer. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Adult
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Female
  • Grief
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult

MeSH Major

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Neoplasms
  • Stress, Psychological

abstract

  • Little is known about how young adults (YAs) cope with cancer or about the relationship between coping and psychological distress in YAs with advanced cancer. The goals of this study were to identify coping strategies used by YAs with advanced cancer and examine the relationship between these coping strategies and psychological distress. Using structured clinical interviews with 53 YAs (aged 20-40 years) with advanced cancer, researchers assessed coping methods, depression, anxiety, and grief. A principal components factor analysis identified underlying coping factors. Regression analyses examined the relationship between these coping factors and depression, anxiety, and grief. Six coping factors emerged and were labeled as proactive, distancing, negative expression, support-seeking, respite-seeking, and acceptance coping. Acceptance and support-seeking coping styles were used most frequently. Coping by negative expression was positively associated with severity of grief after researchers controlled for depression, anxiety, and confounding variables. Support-seeking coping was positively associated with anxiety after researchers controlled for depression and grief. This study was limited by a cross-sectional design, small sample size, and focus on YAs with advanced cancer. YAs with advanced cancer utilize a range of coping responses that are uniquely related to psychological distress. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • June 2012
  • May 2012

has subject area

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Female
  • Grief
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Young Adult

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3340430

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.suponc.2011.08.005

PubMed ID

  • 22285777

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 124

end page

  • 130

volume

  • 10

number

  • 3