Multiphoton microscopy in the evaluation of human bladder biopsies
Early Detection of Cancer
Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
The MPM images alone provided sufficient detail to classify most lesions as either benign or neoplastic using the same basic diagnostic criteria as histopathology (architecture and cytologic grade). Future developments in MPM technology may provide urologists and pathologists with additional screening and diagnostic tools for early detection of bladder cancer. Additional applications of such emerging technologies warrant exploration.