Epistatic effects of ACE I/D and AGT gene variants on left ventricular mass in hypertensive patients: The HyperGEN study Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Angiotensinogen
  • Epistasis, Genetic
  • Genetic Variation
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A


  • Identifying predictors of left ventricular hypertrophy has been an active study topic because of its association with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We examined the epistatic effect (gene-gene interaction) of two genes (angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D); angiotensinogen (AGT) -6G-A, M235T, -20A-C) in the renin-angiotensin system on left ventricular mass (LVM) among hypertensive participants in the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network study. Included were 2156 participants aged 20-87 years (60% women, 63% African American). We employed mixed linear regression models to assess main effects of four genetic variants on echocardigraphically determined LVM (indexed for height), and ACE-by-AGT epistatic effects. There was evidence that AGT -6G-A was associated with LVM among white participants: adjusted mean LVM (gm(-2.7)) increased with 'G' allele copy number ('AA':41.2, 'AG':42.3, 'GG':44.0; P=0.03). There was also evidence of an ACE I/D-by-AGT -20A-C epistatic effect among white participants (interaction P=0.03): among ACE 'DD' participants, AGT -20A-C 'C' allele carriers had lower mean LVM than 'AA' homozygotes ('DD/CC':39.2, 'DD/AC':39.9, 'DD/AA':43.9), with no similar significant effect among ACE 'I' allele carriers ('ID/CC':47.2, 'ID/AC':43.4, 'ID/AA':42.6; 'II/CC': NA, 'II/AC':41.3, 'II/AA':43.1). These findings indicate that renin-angiotensin system variants in at least two genes may interact to modulate LVM.

publication date

  • February 2012



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3775641

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/jhh.2010.131

PubMed ID

  • 21248783

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 133

end page

  • 40


  • 26


  • 2