A humanized single-chain variable fragment antibody against beta3 integrin in escherichia coli
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
Patients with HIV-1 immune-related thrombocytopenia (HIV-1-ITP) have a unique antibody (Ab) against platelet GPIIIa49-66, which is capable of inducing oxidative platelet fragmentation in the absence of complement activation. By screening a human phage antibody library with the GPIIIa49-66 peptide as bait, we have developed several humanized phage Abs, which act similarly to the parental Ab. However, the presence of a stop codon in the heavy chain of the obtained phage clones limits their expression in soluble recombinant form. To circumvent this problem, we mutated the stop codon inside clone 11 that exhibits the highest binding activity to platelet GPIIIa49-66, resulting in a soluble scFv format (named A11) in Escherichia coli Rosseta. In in vitro binding assay, A11 exhibited similar binding specificity to parental Ab at various concentrations. Moreover, A11 is able to induce oxidative platelet fragmentation by preferentially binding to activated versus resting platelets. These findings provide a proof-of-principle for the development of a novel approach to inhibit arterial thrombosis by generating a selective scFv for the lysis of platelet-rich thrombi.