The role of antidepressants in the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a complex entity whose etiology is unknown and whose physiopathology is incompletely known. It occurs frequently, and many treatments for it have been described. The relation of psycho-social factors to the genesis and presentation of IBS has been studied with special attention. The approach to treating IBS patients requires contemplation of the patient's symptoms and reactions to his or her illness and environment. Of the multiple treatments for IBS which have been described, antidepressants have received considerable attention although their clinical utility is still not clear. The objective of this work is to review the literature regarding the physiopathological basis of IBS, comorbidities with psychiatric disorders, and the clinical usefulness of antidepressants for treating irritable bowel syndrome. © 2011 Asociaciones Colombianas de Gastroenterología.
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