Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and the regulation of human invariant natural killer T cells: lessons from obesity, diabetes and psoriasis. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Cell Count
  • Cell Line
  • Cytokines
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Liraglutide
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Targeted Therapy
  • Obesity
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Signal Transduction
  • Skin

MeSH Major

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Natural Killer T-Cells
  • Psoriasis
  • Receptors, Glucagon

abstract

  • The innate immune cells, invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells), are implicated in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, an inflammatory condition associated with obesity and other metabolic diseases, such as diabetes and dyslipidaemia. We observed an improvement in psoriasis severity in a patient within days of starting treatment with an incretin-mimetic, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. This was independent of change in glycaemic control. We proposed that this unexpected clinical outcome resulted from a direct effect of GLP-1 on iNKT cells. We measured circulating and psoriatic plaque iNKT cell numbers in two patients with type 2 diabetes and psoriasis before and after commencing GLP-1 analogue therapy. In addition, we investigated the in vitro effects of GLP-1 on iNKT cells and looked for a functional GLP-1 receptor on these cells. The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index improved in both patients following 6¬†weeks of GLP-1 analogue therapy. This was associated with an alteration in iNKT cell number, with an increased number in the circulation and a decreased number in psoriatic plaques. The GLP-1 receptor was expressed on iNKT cells, and GLP-1 induced a dose-dependent inhibition of iNKT cell cytokine secretion, but not cytolytic degranulation in vitro. The clinical effect observed and the direct interaction between GLP-1 and the immune system raise the possibility of therapeutic applications for GLP-1 in inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis.

publication date

  • November 2011

has subject area

  • Cell Count
  • Cell Line
  • Cytokines
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Liraglutide
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Targeted Therapy
  • Natural Killer T-Cells
  • Obesity
  • Psoriasis
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Glucagon
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Signal Transduction
  • Skin

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3188710

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00125-011-2232-3

PubMed ID

  • 21744074

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 2745

end page

  • 2754

volume

  • 54

number

  • 11