Friedrich Berthold Reinke (1862-1919): Anatomist of the vocal fold
Although Reinke's space, or layer, is a critical laryngeal structure, and the eponym is in current use in both clinical and research milieus, little is known about the life of the eponymist, German anatomist Friedrich Berthold Reinke. Extensive investigation of the archives at the University of Rostock and other sources, as well as multinational collaboration, has yielded unique insight into the personal and professional life of this pioneer who, among other things, identified and characterized the subepithelial space of the vocal fold and structures in the Leydig cells of the testicles and ovaries. This breadth of investigation reflects Reinke's intellectual curiosity and broad-ranging interest as well as his scientific environment. Without question, Reinke's observations of the human vocal fold are substantive contributions, without which modern laryngology could not have evolved. In 2009, at the 90th anniversary of Reinke's death, we summarize his achievements to express our appreciation for his singular brilliance and fundamental contribution to laryngology.