The growth factor progranulin binds to tnf receptors and is therapeutic against inflammatory arthritis in mice Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Arthritis, Experimental
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha


  • The growth factor progranulin (PGRN) has been implicated in embryonic development, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, and inflammation, but its receptors remain unidentified. We report that PGRN bound directly to tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) and disturbed the TNFα-TNFR interaction. PGRN-deficient mice were susceptible to collagen-induced arthritis, and administration of PGRN reversed inflammatory arthritis. Atsttrin, an engineered protein composed of three PGRN fragments, exhibited selective TNFR binding. PGRN and Atsttrin prevented inflammation in multiple arthritis mouse models and inhibited TNFα-activated intracellular signaling. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that PGRN is a ligand of TNFR, an antagonist of TNFα signaling, and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory arthritis in mice. They also suggest new potential therapeutic interventions for various TNFα-mediated pathologies and conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis.

publication date

  • April 22, 2011



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3104397

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1199214

PubMed ID

  • 21393509

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 478

end page

  • 84


  • 332


  • 6028