Resting-state glucose metabolism level is associated with the regional pattern of amyloid pathology in alzheimer's disease
Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
It has been suggested that glucose metabolism within the brain's default network is directly associated withand may even causethe amyloid pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we performed 2 - [ F 18 ] fluoro-2-deoxy-D- glucose (FDG) and [ 11 C ] -labeled Pittsburgh Compound B (PIB) positron emission tomography (PET) on cognitively normal elderly subjects and on AD patients and conducted quantitative regional analysis of FDG- and PIB-PET images using an automated region of interest technique. We confirmed that resting glucose metabolism within the posterior components of the brain's default network is high in normal elderly subjects and low in AD patients, which is partially in agreement with the regional pattern of PIB uptake within the default network of AD patients. However, in several regions outside the default network, glucose metabolism was high in normal elderly subjects but was not depressed in AD patients, who exhibited significantly increased PIB uptakes in these regions. In contrast, the level of resting glucose metabolism in the default network and in regions outside the default network in normal elderly subjects was significantly correlated with the level of regional PIB uptake in AD patients. These results are discussed with experimental evidence suggesting that beta amyloid production and amyloid precursor protein regulation are dependent on neuronal activity. © 2011 Jonghan Shin et al.
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