Cryoelectron microscopy structures of the ribosome complex in intermediate states during tRNA translocation
mRNA-tRNA translocation is a central and highly regulated process during translational elongation. Along with the mRNA, tRNA moves through the ribosome in a stepwise fashion. Using cryoelectron microscopy on ribosomes with a P-loop mutation, we have identified novel structural intermediates likely to exist transiently during translocation. Our observations suggest a mechanism by which the rate of translocation can be regulated.