Identifying older patients with acute myeloid leukemia who may be candidates for reduced-intensity hematopoietic cell transplantation
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Recent studies show that with reduced-intensity and nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation can now be performed with relative safety in patients with acute myeloid leukemia up to 75 years of age, and therefore chronologic age itself should no longer be considered a contraindication for this procedure. Best results are generally seen in patients undergoing transplant during first remission. Results appear superior to what might be expected with conventional chemotherapy but prospective randomized trials have not been completed. If a decision is made to delay transplant until first relapse, a careful monitoring plan should be established.