Second primary cancers after an index head and neck cancer: Subsite-specific trends in the era of human papillomavirus - Associated oropharyngeal cancer
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Second Primary
In patients with HNSCC, the risk and distribution of SPM differ significantly according to subsite of the index cancer. Before the 1990s, hypopharynx and oropharynx cancers carried the highest excess risk of SPM. Since then, during the HPV era, SPM risk associated with oropharyngeal SCC has declined to the lowest risk level of any subsite.