How medicare could use comparative effectiveness research in deciding on new coverage and reimbursement Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Comparative Effectiveness Research
  • Decision Making, Organizational
  • Insurance Coverage
  • Medicare
  • Reimbursement Mechanisms


  • Medicare must find new ways to achieve cost control without limiting access to beneficial services. We propose a payment model incorporating comparative effectiveness research to encourage Medicare to pay equally for services that provide comparable patient outcomes. The model would include higher payments for services demonstrated by adequate evidence to provide superior health benefits compared to alternative options. New services without such evidence would receive usual reimbursement rates for a limited time but then be reevaluated as evidence emerged. In spite of the substantial political hurdles to changing Medicare reimbursement, efforts should be made to use comparative effectiveness research to reward superior services, improve incentives for cost-effective innovation, and place Medicare on a more sustainable financial footing.

publication date

  • October 2010



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1377/hlthaff.2010.0623

PubMed ID

  • 20921478

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1796

end page

  • 804


  • 29


  • 10