A protecting group-free synthesis of deazathiamine: A step toward inhibitor design
The discovery of 3-deazathiamine diphosphate (deazaThDP) as a potent inhibitor analog of the cofactor thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) has highlighted the need for an efficient and scalable synthesis of deazaThDP. Such a method would facilitate development of analogs with the ability to inhibit individual ThDP-dependent enzymes selectively. Toward the goal of developing selective inhibitors of the mycobacterial enzyme 2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate synthase (HOAS), we report an improved synthesis of deazaThDP without use of protecting groups. Tribromo-3-methylthiophene served as a versatile starting material whose selective functionalization permitted access to deazaThDP in five steps, with potential to make other analogs accessible in substantial amounts.