Nomogram for predicting the risk of local recurrence after breast-conserving surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ
Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
The DCIS nomogram integrates 10 clinicopathologic variables to provide an individualized risk estimate of IBTR in a woman with DCIS treated with BCS. This tool may assist in individual decision making regarding various treatment options and help avoid over- and undertreatment of noninvasive breast cancer.