The effect of gender on response to bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy for patients with non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder
Carcinoma in Situ
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
These data suggest that the outcomes of men and women with high risk non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma treated with BCG are similar. As such, further studies are required to determine the clinical relevance of preclinical evidence that has suggested a potential role for sex steroids in the pathophysiology of bladder cancer.