Adenovirus vectors block human immunodeficiency virus-1 replication in human alveolar macrophages by inhibition of the long terminal repeat Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Adenoviridae
  • HIV Long Terminal Repeat
  • HIV-1
  • Macrophages, Alveolar


  • Heterologous viruses may transactivate or suppress human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 replication. An adenovirus type 5 gene transfer vector (Ad5) HIV-1 vaccine was recently evaluated in a clinical trial, without efficacy. In this context, it is relevant to ask what effect Ad vectors have on HIV-1 replication, particularly in cells that are part of the innate immune system. Infection of HIV-1-infected human alveolar macrophages (AMs) obtained from HIV-1(+) individuals with an Ad vector containing no transgene (AdNull) resulted in dose-responsive inhibition of endogenous HIV-1 replication. HIV-1 replication in normal AMs infected with HIV-1 in vitro was inhibited by AdNull with a similar dose response. Ad reduced AM HIV-1 replication up to 14 days after HIV-1 infection. Fully HIV-1-infected AMs were treated with 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine, after which Ad infection still inhibited HIV-1 replication, suggesting a postentry step was affected. Substantial HIV-1 DNA was still produced after Ad infection, as quantified by TaqMan real-time PCR, suggesting that the replication block occurred after reverse transcription. AdNull blocked HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) transcription, as assessed by an vesicular stomatitis virus G protein pseudotyped HIV-1 LTR luciferase construct. The formation of HIV-1 DNA integrated into the host chromosome was not inhibited by Ad, as quantified by a two-step TaqMan real-time PCR assay, implying a postintegration block to HIV-1 replication. These data indicate that Ad vectors are inhibitory to HIV-1 replication in human AMs based, in part, on their ability to inhibit LTR-driven transcription.

publication date

  • August 2010



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2937233

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1165/rcmb.2008-0063OC

PubMed ID

  • 19805482

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 234

end page

  • 42


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