Common functional genetic variants in catecholamine storage vesicle protein promoter motifs interact to trigger systemic hypertension.
Gene Expression Regulation
Promoter Regions, Genetic
The purpose of this study is to understand whether naturally occurring genetic variation in the promoter of chromogranin B (CHGB), a major constituent of catecholamine storage vesicles, is functional and confers risk for cardiovascular disease.
CHGB plays a necessary (catalytic) role in catecholamine storage vesicle biogenesis. Previously, we found that genetic variation at CHGB influenced autonomic function, with association maximal toward the 5' region.
Here we explored transcriptional mechanisms of such effects, characterizing 2 common variants in the proximal promoter, A-296C and A-261T, using transfection/cotransfection, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). We then tested the effects of promoter variation on cardiovascular traits.
The A-296C disrupted a c-FOS motif, exhibiting differential mobility shifting to chromaffin cell nuclear proteins during EMSA, binding of endogenous c-FOS on ChIP, and differential response to exogenous c-FOS. The A-261T disrupted motifs for SRY and YY1, with similar consequences for EMSA, endogenous factor binding, and responses to exogenous factors. The 2-SNP CHGB promoter haplotypes had a profound (p=3.16E-20) effect on blood pressure (BP) in the European ancestry population, with a rank order of CT