NBDT (3-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)3-toluene) - A novel fluorescent dye for studying mechanisms of toluene uptake into vital bacteria
Cell Transformation, Viral
Receptors, Cell Surface
Uptake of small hydrophobic substances such as toluene into bacteria is widely assumed to occur by passive diffusion. Some toluene degrading bacteria, however, are described to contain uptake systems which may be involved in the transport of this compound. In this study, a fluorescently labeled toluene analogue dye (3-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-3-toluene; NBDT), flow cytometry, and shot gun proteome analysis were used to follow toluene uptake into bacteria in more detail. The new dye has excitation peaks at 444 and 475 nm and an emission peak at 537 nm. The toluenedegraders P. putida mt-2 and P. putida F1 as well as P. putida KT2440 and E. coli K12 asnegative controls were included. To enable quantification of NBDT uptake, carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) was added to inactivate NBDT efflux pumps. The porin inhibitor cadaverine was added to study the porin-mediated influx of toluene. Cadaverine reduced NBDT uptake by toluene-grown P. putida mt-2 and F1 by 25% and 42%, respectively, thus revealing an involvement and possibly a regulatory function of porins in the uptake of the toxic substrate toluene. Shot gun proteome measurements gave evidence for the presence of toluene transporting porins in P. putida mt-2 grown on toluene but not when grown on glucose. © 2009 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
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