Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 are phosphorylated at novel sites during varicella-zoster virus infection.
Cell Line, Tumor
Herpesvirus 3, Human
Histone Deacetylase 1
Histone Deacetylase 2
ORF66p, a virion-associated varicella-zoster virus (VZV) protein, is a member of a conserved Alphaherpesvirinae kinase family with homology to herpes simplex virus US3 kinase. Expression of ORF66p in cells infected with VZV or an adenovirus expressing only ORF66p results in hyperphosphorylation of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2. Mapping studies reveal that phosphorylation is at a unique conserved Ser residue in the C terminus of both HDACs. This modification requires an active kinase domain in ORF66p, as neither protein is phosphorylated in cells infected with VZV lacking kinase activity. However, hyperphosphorylation appears to occur indirectly, as within the context of in vitro kinase reactions, purified ORF66p phosphorylates a peptide derived from ORF62p, a known substrate, but does not phosphorylate HDAC. These results support a model where ORF66p is necessary but not sufficient to effect hyperphosphorylation of HDAC1 and HDAC2.