Synaptic activity reduces intraneuronal Aβ, promotes APP transport to synapses, and protects against Aβ-related synaptic alterations Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
  • Interneurons
  • Neuronal Plasticity
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Synapses
  • Synaptic Transmission

abstract

  • A central question in Alzheimer's disease research is what role synaptic activity plays in the disease process. Synaptic activity has been shown to induce beta-amyloid peptide release into the extracellular space, and extracellular beta-amyloid has been shown to be toxic to synapses. We now provide evidence that the well established synaptotoxicity of extracellular beta-amyloid requires gamma-secretase processing of amyloid precursor protein. Recent evidence supports an important role for intraneuronal beta-amyloid in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. We show that synaptic activity reduces intraneuronal beta-amyloid and protects against beta-amyloid-related synaptic alterations. We demonstrate that synaptic activity promotes the transport of the amyloid precursor protein to synapses using live cell imaging, and that the protease neprilysin is involved in reduction of intraneuronal beta-amyloid with synaptic activity.

publication date

  • August 5, 2009

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2763626

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2292-09.2009

PubMed ID

  • 19657023

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 9704

end page

  • 13

volume

  • 29

number

  • 31