Clinicopathologic features of renal cell carcinoma in young adults: A comparison study with renal cell carcinoma in older patients Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Glomerulonephritis, Membranous
  • Graft Rejection
  • Kidney Glomerulus
  • Kidney Transplantation

abstract

  • To evaluate the clinicopathologic features of renal cell carcinoma in younger adults (40 years). The tumor size of the young adult group were smaller (5.3 vs 5.9 cm) and presented at less advanced stages (T3/T4 tumors, 18% vs 31%) than those occurring in the older age group (>40 years of age). The incidences of chromophobe RCC (12% vs. 6%) and of collecting duct carcinoma (5% vs 0.5%) were higher in the young adult group. The rate of nodal or distant metastasis was lower in young adult group (5% vs. 8.3%). More patients underwent partial nephrectomy in younger than older age group (30% vs 19%). There was no overall survival difference at 5 years (77% vs 70%), but there was a trend for a favorable survival in young adults at 10 years (77% vs 52%). In conclusion, RCC are relatively infrequent in patients who are younger than 40 years. The tumors in this group appear to be smaller and less advanced at presentation. Chromophobe RCC and collecting duct carcinoma are more frequently seen. More patients undergo partial nephrectomy and overall long term survival appears to be more favorable.

publication date

  • June 19, 2009

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

PubMed ID

  • 19294008

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 489

end page

  • 93

volume

  • 2

number

  • 5