Safety and efficacy of long-term treatment with romiplostim in thrombocytopenic patients with chronic ITP
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is characterized by low platelet counts and mucocutaneous bleeding. In previous studies romiplostim (AMG531), a thrombopoiesis-stimulating protein, increased platelet counts in most patients with chronic ITP. This ongoing, long-term open-label, single-arm study investigated safety and efficacy in patients who completed a previous romiplostim study and had platelet counts less than or equal to 50 [corrected] x 10(9)/L. One hundred forty-two patients were treated for up to 156 weeks (mean, 69 weeks). Platelet responses (platelet count > or = 50 x 10(9)/L and double baseline) were observed in 87% of all patients and occurred on average 67% of the time in responding patients. In 77% of patients, the romiplostim dose remained within 2 microg/kg of their most frequent dose at least 90% of the time. Ninety patients (63%) received treatment by self-administration. Treatment-related serious adverse events were reported in 13 patients (9%). Bone marrow reticulin was observed in 8 patients; marrows were not routinely performed in this study, so the true incidence of this event cannot be determined. Severe bleeding events were reported in 12 patients (9%). Thrombotic events occurred in 7 patients (5%). In conclusion, romiplostim increased platelet counts in most patients for up to 156 weeks without tachyphylaxis and had an acceptable safety profile. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT00116688).