Accelerating stem cell proliferation by down-regulation of cell cycle regulator p21
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Transient inhibition of the cell cycle regulator p21 results in significant acceleration of mesenchymal stem cell proliferation without promoting spontaneous cellular differentiation. Exposure to differentiation medium results in increased cellular differentiation toward the osteoblast and fat lineage. Manipulation of cell cycle regulators may represent a novel means by which stem cell proliferation can be accelerated, thereby decreasing the time required for scaffold synthesis in tissue engineering.