Ligand selectivity of D 2 dopamine receptors is modulated by changes in local dynamics produced by sodium binding Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Kidney
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Sodium


  • We have uncovered a significant allosteric response of the D(2) dopamine receptor to physiologically relevant concentrations of sodium (140 mM), characterized by a sodium-enhanced binding affinity for a D(4)-selective class of agonists and antagonists. This enhancement is significantly more pronounced in a D(2)-V2.61(91)F mutant and cannot be mimicked by an equivalent concentration of the sodium replacement cation N-methyl-D-glucamine. This phenomenon was explored computationally at the molecular level by analyzing the effect of sodium binding on the dynamic properties of D(2) receptor model constructs. Normal mode analysis identified one mode (M(19)), which is involved in the open/closed motions of the binding cleft as being particularly sensitive to the sodium effect. To examine the consequences for D(2) receptor ligand recognition, one of the ligands, L-745,870 [3-{[4-(4-chlorophenyl) piperazin-1-yl]-methyl}-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine or CPPMA, chlorophenylpiperazinyl methylazaindole], was docked into conformers along the M(19) trajectory. Structurally and pharmacologically well established ligand-receptor interactions, including the ionic interaction with D3.32(114) and interactions between the ligand aryl moieties and V2.61(91)F, were achieved only in "open" phase conformers. The docking of (-)-raclopride [3,5-dichloro-N-(1-ethylpyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzamide] suggests that the same binding cleft changes in response to sodium-binding perturbation account as well for the enhancements in binding affinity for substituted benzamides in the wild-type D(2) receptor. Our findings demonstrate how key interactions can be modulated by occupancy at an allosteric site and are consistent with a mechanism in which sodium binding enhances the affinity of selected ligands through dynamic changes that increase accessibility of substituted benzamides and 1,4-DAP ligands to the orthosteric site and accessibility of 1,4-DAPs to V2.61(91)F.

publication date

  • January 2009



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2685898

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1124/jpet.108.141531

PubMed ID

  • 18849360

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 40

end page

  • 54


  • 328


  • 1