Mycobacterium tuberculosis expresses methionine sulphoxide reductases A and B that protect from killing by nitrite and hypochlorite. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Methionine Sulfoxide Reductases
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Reactive Nitrogen Species
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Substrate Specificity

MeSH Major

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Hypochlorous Acid
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Nitrites
  • Oxidoreductases

abstract

  • Methionine sulphoxide reductases (Msr) reduce methionine sulphoxide to methionine and protect bacteria against reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI). Many organisms express both MsrA, active against methionine-(S)-sulphoxide, and MsrB, active against methionine-(R)-sulphoxide. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) expresses MsrA, which protects DeltamsrA-Escherichia coli from ROI and RNI. However, the function of MsrA in Mtb has not been defined, and it is unknown whether Mtb expresses MsrB. We identified MsrB as the protein encoded by Rv2674 in Mtb and confirmed the distinct stereospecificities of recombinant Mtb MsrA and MsrB. We generated strains of Mtb deficient in MsrA, MsrB or both and complemented the mutants. Lysates of singly deficient strains displayed half as much Msr activity as wild type against N-acetyl methionine sulphoxide. However, in contrast to other bacteria, single mutants were no more vulnerable than wild type to killing by ROI/RNI. Only Mtb lacking both MsrA and MsrB was more readily killed by nitrite or hypochlorite. Thus, MsrA and MsrB contribute to the enzymatic defences of Mtb against ROI and RNI.

publication date

  • February 2009

has subject area

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Hypochlorous Acid
  • Methionine Sulfoxide Reductases
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Nitrites
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Reactive Nitrogen Species
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Substrate Specificity

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3697012

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2008.06548.x

PubMed ID

  • 19040639

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 583

end page

  • 593

volume

  • 71

number

  • 3