Cohort study of fatty acid synthase expression and patient survival in colon cancer
Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I
There were 279 deaths, including 160 colon cancer-specific deaths. FASN overexpression was associated with a significant reduction in colon cancer-specific mortality by both univariate and multivariate analyses (adjusted HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.89) and an insignificant trend toward improved overall mortality (adjusted HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.50 to 1.13). Notably, the effect of FASN expression on mortality might be different according to body mass index (BMI; P(interaction) = .019); the adjusted HR of overall mortality for FASN overexpression was 0.63 (95% CI, 0.39 to 1.02) among patients with BMI less than 27.5 kg/m(2) and 2.91 (95% CI, 1.19 to 7.12) among those with BMI >or= 27.5 kg/m(2). Moreover, the adverse effect of moderate overweight/obesity on overall survival was limited to FASN-positive tumors (adjusted HR, 4.10; 95% CI, 1.14 to 14.8; BMI >or= 27.5 kg/m(2) v < 27.5 kg/m(2)). CONCLUSION Among nonobese patients with colon cancer, tumoral FASN overexpression is associated with improved survival, whereas among moderately overweight or obese patients (BMI >or= 27.5 kg/m(2)), FASN overexpression may predict a worse outcome.