Dynamic change in phosphorylated platelet-derived growth factor receptor in peripheral blood leukocytes following docetaxel therapy predicts progression-free and overall survival in prostate cancer Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Leukocytes
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
  • Taxoids

abstract

  • In a placebo-controlled randomised study of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) inhibitor imatinib mesylate and docetaxel in metastatic prostate cancer with bone metastases (n=116), no significant differences in progression-free and overall survival were observed. To evaluate pharmacodynamic correlates of outcomes, we assessed the association of plasma platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) isoform kinetics and PDGFR inhibition with progression-free and overall survival by individual treatment arm. We found that in the docetaxel-placebo arm alone, the probability of decrease in PDGFR phosphorylation (Pr-Decr-pPDGFR) above 0.5 (vs 30 months (HR 3.1; P=0.04 in log-rank test). By contrast, in the docetaxel plus imatinib arm, the association of Pr-Decr-pPDGFR >0.5 with a rise in plasma PDGF isoform concentrations and inferior survival was not observed. The data suggest that dynamic changes in PDGFR phosphorylation in peripheral blood leukocytes predict docetaxel efficacy. Rising plasma PDGF concentrations may explain and/or mark docetaxel resistance. Validation and mechanistic studies addressing these unexpected findings should anticipate a confounding influence of concurrent PDGFR inhibitor therapy.

publication date

  • October 4, 2008

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2579696

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604706

PubMed ID

  • 18841158

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1426

end page

  • 32

volume

  • 99

number

  • 9