Effectiveness of Anemia and Chronic Kidney Disease as Predictors for Presence and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Undergoing Stress Myocardial Perfusion Study
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and anemia portend a higher risk of cardiac events and mortality. We sought to ascertain whether coronary artery disease (CAD) by myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography is more common in patients with CKD (glomerular filtration rate < or =60 ml/min/1.73 kg/m(2)) and/or anemia (hemoglobin level < or =13 g/L) and the impact of different degrees of CKD. One thousand five hundred eighty patients (mean age 65 +/- 10 years) underwent gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and clinical evaluation. Patients were divided into 4 groups (group 1, no anemia/no CKD, n = 800; group 2, anemia/no CKD, n = 195; group 3, CKD/no anemia, n = 332; group 4, anemia/CKD, n = 253). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was undertaken to examine the association of these diagnoses with abnormal myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomogram. Compared with patients with neither diagnosis, an abnormal scan was more common in those with anemia or CKD. Patients with anemia and CKD exhibited more severe CAD (mean summed stress score 6.8 vs 4.7, p <0.01). Established high-risk findings were more prevalent in patients with anemia and/or CKD, including a summed stress score > or =8, transient ischemic dilation, or a left ventricular ejection fraction < or =40% (group 1 28%, group 2 38%, group 3 38%, group 4 48%, all p values <0.01). Patients with moderate CKD demonstrated an increased risk of an abnormal scan (odds ratio 2.66, p <0.0001). After adjustment in multivariate analysis, anemia and CKD each remained predictors for an abnormal scan. The association was stronger in those with the 2 conditions (odds ratio for high-risk scan 1.89, p = 0.0002). In conclusion, in patients with suspected CAD, anemia and CKD are predictors of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomographic markers for worsened outcomes. The relation was independent of other risk factors, supporting the inclusion of anemia and CKD in global risk assessment for patients with suspected CAD.