Clinical significance of intraoperative bile duct margin assessment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Frozen section analysis of the proximal bile duct margin is misleading in 9% of patients. Among patients with HCCA who are determined to have negative duct margins intraoperatively, only 60% will have margins adequately wide enough to be associated with an improvement in DSS.